Perceiving one’s own and others’ feelings around the world: The relations of attention to and clarity of feelings with subjective well-being across nations
Lischetzke, T., Eid, M., & Diener, E. (2012). Perceiving one’s own and others’ feelings around the world: The relations of attention to and clarity of feelings with subjective well-being across nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 43(8), 1249-1267.
The present study examined meta-mood variables pertaining to beliefs about the perception of one’s own and other people’s feelings across nations. A total of 9,102 college students from 42 nations provided self-reports of attention to and clarity of their own feelings, attention to and clarity of others’ feelings, and the cognitive (life satisfaction) and the affective (affect balance) component of subjective well-being (SWB). Multilevel analyses tested whether nations differed in the relations between meta-mood variables and SWB and whether the cultural dimension of individualism-collectivism moderated these relations. Attention to own feelings demonstrated a heterogeneous relation with SWB across nations. Clarity of own feelings showed an adaptive pattern in nearly all nations, but it was more closely related to SWB in individualistic than in collectivistic nations. Attention to others’ feelings demonstrated low positive relations with SWB in most nations. Unexpectedly, clarity of others’ feelings tended to be less important to affect balance in collectivistic than in individualistic nations. The results suggest that although beliefs about clearly perceiving own and others’ feelings might, to some degree, be universally adaptive, cultural differences appear to exist in how relevant the perception of feelings is to SWB.
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