Deindividuation, self-awareness, and disinhibition.
Diener, E. (1979). Deindividuation, self-awareness, and disinhibition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37(7), 1160-1171.
This study was designed to discover whether lack of self-awareness, group unity, lack of conscious planning, and disinhihiled behavior occur together in deindividuating settings, as predicted by Uiener's theory of deindividuation. Another purpose of the study was to compare the characteristics of deinriividuation in groups with the characteristics of lack of self-awareness induced in a nonsodal way. Three conditions were compared: deindividuated, non-self aware, and self-aware. After (he manipulations, participants could choose inhibited versus disinhibited tasks in a supposed "creativity" session, followed by a variety of deindividuation measures. When the dependent variables were factor analyzed, key components of deindividuation loaded together on a single common factor. The results also revealed that the deindividuation group surpassed the other two on the deindividuation factor (p < .001 ) and on inosl of the individual measures. For some of the variables, the deindividuation and noii-self-aware groups differed signilicantly, suggesting that deindividuation may not be identical in every respect to lack of self-awareness induced in a nonsocial way
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