Psychological empowerment and subjective well-being
Diener, E., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2005). Psychological empowerment and subjective well-being. In D. Narayan (Ed.), Measuring empowerment: Cross-disciplinary perspectives (pp. 125-140). Washington, DC: World Bank.
Poverty reduction on a large scale depends on empowering those who are most motivated to move out of poverty—poor people themselves. But if empowerment cannot be measured, it will not be taken seriously in development policy making and programming. Building on the award-winning Empowerment and Poverty Reduction sourcebook, this volume outlines a conceptual framework that can be used to monitor and evaluate programs centered on empowerment approaches. It presents the perspectives of 27 distinguished researchers and practitioners in economics, political science, sociology, psychology, anthropology, and demography, all of whom are grappling in different ways with the challenge of measuring empowerment. The authors draw from their research and experiences at different levels, from households to communities to nations, in various regions of the world. Measuring Empowerment is an invaluable resource for planners, practitioners, evaluators, and students—indeed for all who are interested in approaches to poverty reduction that address issues of inequitable power relations. Note on cover: The picture of the woman in burqa is from the front page of a leading newspaper in India, the day after elections in the state of Mahashtra. The woman holds up her finger, marked by indelible ink to show that she has just voted and exercised her right and freedom to choose the leaders of her state of almost 100 million people.
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